1993 Agreement Between India And China In Hindi

April 7, 2021 in Uncategorized by

Convinced that an early settlement of the border issue will promote the fundamental interests of both countries and should therefore be pursued as a strategic objective, you agreed on the following policy parameters and guiding principles for a border settlement: Article I Border differences should not influence the overall development of bilateral relations. Both sides will resolve the border issue through peaceful and friendly consultations. Neither party can use or threaten to use violence against the other party by any means. The final resolution of the border issue will greatly promote good neighbourly and friendly relations between India and China. Article II Both sides should strive, in accordance with the five principles of peaceful coexistence, to achieve a just, reasonable and mutually acceptable solution to the border issue through equal consultations from the political perspective of the whole bilateral relations. Article III Both sides should make judicious and mutually acceptable adaptations of their respective positions on the border issue in a spirit of mutual respect and mutual understanding in order to reach a comprehensive solution to the border issue. The border settlement must be final and cover all areas of the India-China border. Article IV Both parties will take due account of each other`s strategic and reasonable interests and the principle of mutual and equal security. At his weekly briefing, MEA spokesman Anurag Srivastava said: “As mentioned above, respect and strict adherence to the LAC are the basis for peace and tranquillity in the border areas. Several agreements concluded by India and China since 1993 strongly recognize this. In my statement of 26 June, I noted that the behaviour of the Chinese armed forces this year, including the sending of large troops and changes in behaviour, accompanied by unjustified and unsustainable allegations, had completely ignored all reciprocal agreements. The 1993 agreement was the first of five border agreements between India and China, which explicitly stated that both parties would “strictly” respect the effective line of control (LAC).

The other four agreements were signed in 1996, 2005, 2012 and 2013. In recent months, there has been a series of skirmishes and failures between Chinese and Indian forces along controversial and populated parts of the Sino-Indian border. The largest escalation occurred in mid-June in the Galwan Valley heights of the Himalayan region along the 2,100-mile Current Control Line (LAC). The LAC is a loose demarcation line of the disputed area, divided into three sectors, and its western sector separates the Indian-controlled area of Eastern Ladakh from the China-managed Aksai Chin area (also claimed by India).